The Sea Map of Andrea BenincasaAncona (Italy), 1508
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vatican City
Date of Publication of the Facsimile: 1984
This Portolan chart (that is, a coastal map intended for mariners) gives a good representation of the Mediterranean region, but would be of limited use for navigating around the British Isles. Note the unrealistic coloring of the Red Sea -- traditional in medieval maps
The facsimile replicates the general shape and texture of the original parchment (that is, the specially treated animal skin) on which the map was drawn.